The Second World War ended six years and the day after the German invasion of Poland on 1 September 1939 triggered the Second World War of the 20th century. On September 2, 1945, when it ended on the deck of an American warship, it is estimated that the Second World War claimed the lives of 60 to 80 million people, or about 3% of the world`s population. The vast majority of those who died in the deadliest war in history were civilians, including 6 million Jews killed in Nazi concentration camps during the Holocaust. The „power of a sovereign state“ was granted to the Federal Republic of Germany on 5 May 1955, in accordance with the Bonn-Paris Conventions. The treaty ended the military occupation of West German territory, but the three occupying powers retained some special rights, z.B. vis-à-vis West Berlin. Hitler`s death: On 30 April, as the Battle of Nuremberg and the Battle of Hamburg ended with the American and British occupation, German dictator Adolf Hitler and Eva Braun committed suicide in his bunker in his bunker. his long-time partner, whom he had married less than 40 hours before his common suicide.  Hitler, in his will, dismissed Marshal Hermann Goering, his second commander and interior minister, Heinrich Himmler, after each of them had individually attempted to take control of the failing Third Reich. Hitler appointed his successor as follows; The great Admiral Karl Dunitz as the new President of the Reich and Joseph Goebbels as the new Chancellor of the Reich. But the next day, Goebbels committed suicide and left Dunitz as Germany`s sole leader.
The three governments took note of discussions in recent weeks in London between representatives of the United Kingdom, the United States, the Soviet Union and France to reach agreement on the methods of trial of major war criminals whose crimes do not present a particular geographical location after the Moscow Declaration of October 1943. The three governments reaffirm their intention to bring justice quickly and safely to these criminals. They hope that the London negotiations will lead to a quick agreement to that end, and they believe it is very important that the trial of these great criminals begins as soon as possible. The first list of accused will be published before September 1. The agreement, which was a communiqué, was not a peace treaty between the peoples, although it created the fait accompli. It was replaced by the Treaty on the Definitive Regime, signed on 12 September 1990, in accordance with Germany. The German rush had the Allied line torn off, but it did not break for six weeks in zero conditions that caused the soldiers to suffer from hypothermia, frostbite and trench foot.