Another common driver is that P3s can be structured so that the public body considering investing does not benefit from credits; On the contrary, the loan is taken out by the private vehicle that carries out the project. In the case of P3 projects in which the costs of using the service must be borne exclusively by the end user or by a lease agreement that is billed annually to the government for the duration of the project, the PPP is, from the public sector`s point of view, an „off-balance sheet“ method for financing the provision of new or refurbished public sector assets. This pilot was particularly important in the 1990s, but it was unmasked as an accounting sleight of hand designed to make the government of the day more tax-liable, while the cost of its projects was offloaded for service users or future governments. In Canada, many auditors general have condemned this practice and forced governments to include P3 projects „in accounting projects.“  This is a fairly broad interpretation that allows expenses other than the payment of a lease to build to be considered eligible rental fees. The borrower may include business or rental rental payments made during the covered period pursuant to the actual or personal property leases in effect before February 15, 2020. For example, the SBA expressly stated that rental or rental payments for private commercial property (e.g. B, photocopiers or rented service cars) may be included both as an authorized use of PPP and for pardon purposes. The instructions provide that borrowers must provide a copy of the current lease and cancelled receipts or cheques that verify eligible payments for the period covered or, for the other, the lessor`s account statements from February 2020 and the period covered up to one month after the end of the covered period to verify eligible payments. It appears that the second form of documentation would allow any business to include good faith rents in a lease agreement that will be renewed or renewed after February 2020 to include these fees. In this regard, it should be noted that where assets transferred under a lease to the private sector are limited in their use to a specific function or service, the value of the assets depends on the potential return of that function or service.
When assets are transferred to the private sector without user restrictions, the value of the investment is linked to the optimal use of the assets and revenues they can generate. Examples of leasing in the transportation sector include Rajiv Gandhi Container Terminal, India, Terminal Chabang Port B2, B3 and B4 in Thailand and Guangzhou Baiyan Airport in China. The main advantages and disadvantages of the firming/leasing model are that in the case of a lease agreement, the payment of rent to the Authority tends to be determined regardless of the amount of the rate collection, so that the operator takes a risk when collecting invoices and revenues to cover its operating costs. In the case of firming, the operator is insured with its levy (provided the revenues are sufficient to cover them) and it is the authority that takes the risk on the rest of the revenue recovered by the clients who cover their investment obligations. The CARES Act is the official law that created the Paycheck Protection Program. The law defines rent as „a mandatory rent under a tenancy agreement before February 15, 2020.“ In the lease/lease agreement, the operator (the taker) is responsible for the operation and maintenance of the infrastructure (which already exists) and services, but as a general rule, the operator is not required to make significant investments.