These themes – parades, flags and the legacy of the past – were negotiated in 2013 under the chairmanship of Richard N. Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations, and Meghan L. O`Sullivan, a professor at Harvard Kennedy School and now on the CFR board. The talks involving the five main political parties were not agreed upon, although many of these proposals – including the creation of a historic investigation unit to investigate unsolved deaths during the conflict and a commission to help victims obtain information about the deaths of their loved ones – were a large part of the Stormont House agreement reached in 2014. However, in January 2017, the agreement between the main parties in Northern Ireland failed – and there is no need yet to reinstate it. Another question in the new power-sharing assembly is whether the prevalence of moderate and central policy can be maintained. The Ulster Unionist Party could be described as a moderate party. It is common knowledge that David Trimble had to work very hard to find a majority within his party to support the Good Friday agreement. This majority is increasingly precarious and if David Trimble loses even one or two of his supporters to more extremist parties, he will no longer have a moderate majority. The union spectrum of the Assembly will then be in the hands of „no“ extremists. Although it seems to be a small point, David Trimble and the internal division of unionism pose a serious threat to the leadership of the New Assembly of Northern Ireland. The agreement consists of two related documents, both agreed on Good Friday, 10 April 1998 in Belfast: „It is up to the Irish people alone, by mutual agreement between the two parties and without external hindrance, to exercise their right to self-determination on the basis of free and concurrent consent, north and south, to be able to sanitize a united Ireland by agreeing to clean up a united Ireland by accepting that this right must be obtained and exercised with agreement and approval majority of Northern Ireland`s population.
On 10 April 1998, the so-called Good Friday Agreement (or Belfast Agreement) was signed. The agreement helped end a period of conflict in the region, known as a riot. The Good Friday Agreement represents different goals for the different parties, and this difference has the potential to create long-term problems. The Unionists hope that the Good Friday Agreement will finally establish Northern Ireland`s constitutional position in the United Kingdom. In a way, the agreement fulfils this objective, since Northern Ireland remains a part of the United Kingdom until the majority of its citizens decide otherwise. On the other hand, the nationalists believe that the Irish dimension of the agreement, namely the North-South Council of Ministers and the British Council of Ireland, will eventually lead to a united Ireland. The conflict of interest will certainly arise after the end of the honeymoon period.